30 April 1945

30 April 1945

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30 April 1945


Suicide of Adolf Hitler in the Berlin bunker

Red Flag raised over the Reichstag.

US 1st Army meets Soviet troops at Eilenburg

Western Front

US 7th Army clears Munich

US 3rd Army liberates 110,000 prisoners of war

Allied representatives meet with Seyss-Inquart to arrange for the delivery of relief supplies to Holland


The French invading from the north west link up with the US 5th Army on the Franco-Italian border


14th Army captures Pegu


Over the previous five days Japanese air attacks have sunk 20 allied ships off Okinawa. Most attacks are made by kamikaze pilots

War at Sea

German submarine U-1107 sunk off Brest

German submariness U-548 and U-879 sunk with all hands off Cape Hatteras

Great Britain

No civilian casualties are suffered in April

Understanding the Occult Holiday of April 30th “May Day Eve” and May 1st “May Day, Beltaine, Walpurgisnacht or Night, Festival of the Earth Mother Isis, Maypole”

(Stillness in the Storm Editor) On April 30th and the following day, May 1st, are two of the most important occult periods in the calendar year. This is the time of year when Ba’al or Bel was killed and sent into the underworld, to be resurrected by his lover sister, Anat. It is also the day the Adam Weishaupt started the Illuminati, in 1776, 110 years after the Sabbatean Cult was formed in by Satanic power players in 1666.

These dates are intimately associated with Astrotheology and the allegorical story of the evolution of consciousness, as told through symbolic archetypes.

While the Cabal, Illuminati, or powers that should not be honor these days of significance, they were never originally “evil.” In fact, each day of occult significance corresponds with the flow of energy into the earth from the sun and celestial bodies such as planets and the constellations, described as cycles which can be broken down into days, months, years, and great years. Furthermore, these dates correspond to the story of the gods of heaven, the astrological signs and archetypical deities who represent various aspects of human consciousness.

The lost science of tracking the movements of the heavens has contemporaneously devolved into a cheap parlor trick known today as mainstream astrology. But to be sure, the core science and art of astrology is more than just fortune telling, as many in the awakening community are rediscovering. It is a sacred right to help another embodiment of consciousness find their path and place in the evolving universe.

Now, the dark occultists of this world employ this very ancient science of consciousness, as it relates to time and the movement of the heavens, for nefarious purposes. They employ false flag attacks, human sacrifice and trauma based techniques on massive scales to manipulate the unaware, using their consciousness like a puppet is used by a puppet master.

But with knowledge comes the potential of power and wisdom.

All of the dark occultists power stems from our ignorance, and while they do create chaos in the world, we breathe life into their plans by remaining unaware, unwittingly acting as pawns. The solution is to gain self-mastery, to become whole of mind and body, which reconnects us with the spiritual realms and the source of our sovereign power. Of course, this is also the solution to every individual or collective problem we face in these times of transition.

This time of year, known as the 40-Day Season of Sacrifice, has seen many false flag attacks, environmental destruction, and the institution of draconian policies.

Related The 40-Day Season of Sacrifice: March (19th or 22nd) to May 1st | Manipulating the Collective Consciousness of Humanity Using Mass Black Magic Rituals

While one can be tempted to turn away from these things, our charge as awakening individuals is in part to transmute or transform these dark deeds into beacons of light.

For example, 9/11 was one of the great tragedies of our times, and it helped usher in an era of even more tyranny and suffering for humanity. But it also stands as one of the great catalyzers of consciousness for millions of people became aware of the greater truth through it. And those who woke up began sharing it with their fellows. Less than 20-years later, more people believe that the official story is a lie, a testament to the power of consciousness and it’s ability to transform a seemingly negative situation into a positive one.

In this way, every act of chaos—an attempt to traumatize humanity—can be transformed into an agency of greater collective change and awakening. But if we who know the truth do nothing, then these dark deeds will continue to ravage the unaware masses.

Knowing the truth can set us free, and sharing it helps others to do the same. For an illusionist’s trick—which is what a false flag is—can only work if one does not see pass the illusions for the greater truth. An illusion of deception requires ignorance to work properly. As such I suggest we become beacons of light within our own spheres of influence, sharing the truth in the form and measure in which it can be received. This will help prevent others from being traumatized or manipulated by false flags or dark deeds in the future.

Do not let these two days of great occult significance create a storm of fear within you, for that is part of the goal of the dark occultists. Instead, expand your knowledge into the fullness of the whole truth, and in the process transcend fear with empowerment.

Image Source.

The Occult May Day – April 19th to May 1st – 13 days of sacrifice, ritual and significance.

The timeline surrounding, and leading up to May 1st, is filled with fire, ritual, blood and symbology. But also, energy, spirit, misunderstanding and a significant date within the wheel of the year.

The origins of the Beltane festival can be traced back to the celebration of the Sumerian God Enlil – who is known to us as Baal. The name Beltane (“B’yal-t’n”) is said to originate from the word Baal. Celebrations of the Beltane festival are very similar to ancient rituals celebrating the ancient god. The mysterious similarities between these seemingly distant cultures could be the subject of an entire article. One thing is for sure: Ba’al is an important figure in Illuminati lore.

“In Middle-Eastern lore, Baal was killed and descended into the underworld, whereupon he was returned to life by the powers of his sister-lover, Anat. Baal is thus associated with the seasonal cycles and the coming of spring and crops.”

April 30th – May 1st is also known as the Beltaine Festival or Walpurgis Night. The festivals of Hades or Pluto, God of the Underworld, also take place around this time. Occultists perform the ritual of Walpurgis to the goddess of Walpurgisnacht or “May Day Eve.” She was a powerful deity in many locations and cultures. In Germany she is known as May Queen and Walpurga. She is so popular that even the Christians took her in under the name of “Saint” Walpurga. Walpurg is also part of an old Teutonic name for the “Earth Mother”. Other names for this goddess include Isis, El, Diana, Persephone, Phrygia, Artemis, Astarte, Hathor, Demeter, Ninkharsag, Semerimus, Columba, Kali, Barati, Mary, May, Hectate, Lilith, Eve, Cybele, Venus, Columbo, Titania, Aphrodite, etc.

The night of April 30 is one of the most significant times on the Druidic Witch’s Calendar. This is a time when many believe that a human sacrifice is required. Since the celebration of Beltaine was started the night before the 1st of May, many occultists celebrate Beltaine as a two-day ceremony.

TIMEOUT: Adolf Hitler was supposed to have killed himself on April 30th at 3:30pm.

In Europe, it is called the Beltane festival, an ancient Gaelic celebration of sexuality, fertility and blood sacrifices.

“Supposedly, animal sacrifices would be made each Beltane to ensure the fertility of their crops, however, every five years the Highland Celts would sacrifice humans, the numbers being made up of convicted criminals and prisoners of war.”

During this time, April 30th, bonfires are lit in order to welcome the Earth, Mother Goddess. Participates hoped that they would gain a blessing from the Goddess by participating in the welcoming festival. This is similar to how in the ancient celebration of Easter/Ishtar, also relates to the Mother Goddess. Early worship or Mass was held to symbolically hasten the arrival of the Goddess from “heaven”, who would arrive inside of an egg. This symbolized being reborn, as the springtime was a period when the days began to get longer, and the sun was said to conquer the darkness the Earth was being reborn or resurrected like Jesus (Sun). When she arrived in an egg, whoever could find her first would have a blessing bestowed upon them (Easter egg hunts).

TIMEOUT: According to “America’s Occult Holidays” by Doc Marquis, PG. 30: The Royal House of Windsor lights a Beltaine “Belefire” every year.

Later accounts of Beltane festivities refer to a Beltane Cake, which are baked with eggs. Referred to as the Beltane Carline, this spelt symbolic doom to whoever was unlucky enough to receive it. Once selected, the person with the Beltane Carline would have others who would attempt to throw them on the fire. The rest of the festivalgoers would prevent this from happening, however. The unlucky person would then be considered a symbolic sacrifice and referred as being dead for the rest of the evening.

TIMEOUT: Do not forget that real animals and people are sacrificed though.

The “Maypole” originated from the celebration of Beltaine as well. Fertility and rebirth are the main themes and this “Maypole” represents the phallic symbol. The pole is placed in the ground and dance is done, in a circle, around the pole to represent the female sex organ.

Image Source.

In most celebrations, four 6ft red and white ribbons were attached to the pole. Woman would dance clockwise (to the left representing the femanine archetype) and men counterclockwise (to the right representing the masculine archetype). This union of connected ribbons symbolized the act of copulation. If you were to look at this from an ariel view, the point in the middle of a circle, is again, an ancient and modern symbol for the Sun.

The days leading up to Beltaine or May Days Eve, on the 30th of April, and May day on the 1st, are filled with historical blood shed and significant dates, which with enough research can be seen to paint a clearer picture of the world around us. Some of these, it seems, are simply a way to bring people’s attention to the date. Perhaps, this has something to do with energy. Here are just some of the significant dates, I will add more as I discover them. Or comment at the bottom with your own sources.

April 15th, 2013 – Boston marathon bombing – 3 dead and hundreds injured – 1 child

April 16th, 2007 – Virginia Tech – 32 students died

April 18th, 2013 – Texas Waco Fertilizer Plant Explosion – at least 5-15 dead & hundreds injured. The plant was 20 miles North of Waco.

April 19th, 1775 – The battle of Lexington & Concord, which made the Revolutionary War inevitable.

April 19th, 1993 – Government troops, tanks, and other military equipment stormed the compound of David Koresh and his followers at Waco, Texas. – 25 Children died

April 19th, 1995 – Oklahoma City Bombing – 19 Children died

April 20th, 2010 – A major explosion and fire on the Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling rig, operating in the Gulf of Mexico, near the coast of Louisiana. The fire was reported at 10 P.M CST. AT a press conference on April 30th, 10 days later and on “May Days Eve”, BP announced that it did not know the cause of the explosion. As a result of this incident, 11 people died. 11 days from the 20th of April places us exactly on May 1st.

April 20th, 1999 – The Columbine (venus columba, the dove, queen sumerimus) massacre at Columbine High School Colorado where 12 students (twelve month cycle?) and 1 teacher (the beginning of the next cycle, or regenerative month) were killed, bringing the total to 13. (21 were injured – see Iraq)

April 30th, 1945 – Adolf Hitler was “claimed” to be dead. He was also born on April 20th.

May 1st, 1776 – The Bavarian Illuminati was spawned. Their “official goal” was to infiltrate freemasonry and all positions of government and power. These are not the same “Illuminati” that you are probably used to hearing about. That society is one that was driven underground by the Catholic Church and thus began operating in secret.

May 1st, 2003 – George W. Bush gives the so-called “Mission Accomplished” speech on board the US Abraham Lincoln. This was the speech in which “major combat operations in Iraq have ended”. However guerrilla warfare in Iraq spread very quickly and made things much worse.

May 1st, 2003 – The invasion of Iraq, under the name “Iraqi Freedom” (took 21 days to “overthrow” Saddam.)

May 1st, 2011 – The announcement that the United States had conducted an operation that killed Osama Bin Laden, though he had died years prior.

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Beachcombing had two formative experiences over the last week. One was discovering that peanut, banana and honey sandwiches can be substantially improved through the use of raw ginger. The other was watching Die Untergang (Downfall) the 2004 film describing the final days of Hitler in April 1945. On balance, Beach prefers the liberal use of ginginer to biopics on bastards, though Untergang definitely begs and keeps the viewer’s attention. But Hitler’s death is strangely topical, particularly as two journalists have proved (to their own satisfaction) that Hitler (obit 1962) actually escaped with Eva Braun to Argentina and had two daughters!

Personally, Beach won’t be holding his breath over this one. But there is no question that the evidence for Hitler’s death is not all that it could have been.

The forensic evidence was gathered by the Soviets who muddied the waters: no drawing from the spring of eternal truth for the sons of Lenin. Stalin, playing one of his long games, announced to Truman at Potsdam in 1945 that Hitler was not dead but hiding in Spain or Argentina! And the much vaunted piece of Hitler’s skull in the Soviet archives actually, it has transpired, belonged to a woman.

But before we get carried away it should be remembered that Hitler’s jawbone was confirmed by his dentist: imagine having that job. And the eyewitness accounts are difficult to get around, particularly that of Heinz Linge, Hitler’s valet, who was responsible for the burning.

Those who argue that Hitler survived the bunker have to overcome not only jaws and memory though. There are three other difficulties. First, there is the problem that Hitler had again and again said he would commit suicide at the end: ‘I have three bullets… two for you if you betray me, the last for myself’. Second, there is the problem of how Hitler could have escaped from Berlin at that late hour with Soviet troops less than a kilometre away: Bormann almost certainly died doing the same. And, third, the difficulty of how Hitler’s new location in the Alps or on the Pampas or on Franco’s private estate in Galicia was kept secret for another twenty years.

One or two of these could doubtless be knocked down: people lie, scientists screw up, miracles happen. But run the jawbone together with the others and you have a mountain range that make the Himalayas look like fairy foothills.

Any other opinions of Hitler’s death? drbeachcombing AT yahoo DOT com

Beach prefers his dictators well done and, he should end by saying, the most memorable scene in Untergang was the burning of the bodies. It is a fine example of ‘bad wiring’ in a film that the diehards saluting Hitler’s pyre is the most memorable single scene, notwithstanding the fact that here is the final extinction of a man loathed by this blogger, most of the modern world and the film-makers. Even Goebbels mad eyes, some silly heel clicking and Russian shells sending everyone diving cannot remove the ‘magnificence’ of the occasion. The Valkyries probably didn’t make it down through the Soviet artillery and the Yaks, but the director accidentally created a scene that suggests that they really should have made an extra effort.

23 Oct 2011: Southern Man writes in ‘Beach there is a lot of rot written about Hitler and suicide, allow me to quote from an excellent piece on Axis History: ‘Hitler contemplated suicide several times in his life (after the Putsch, after the death of his niece), he made speeches attesting that he would either be victorious or ‘would not survive the outcome’ (Reichstag speech, Sept. 1, 1939)…’Germany will find itself either reborn or us dead”…”I have three bullets…two for you if you betray me, the last for myself’ (Hitler during the Beer Hall Putsch). ‘Death is so easy..a brief moment of pain perhaps, then eternal sleep’ (Hitler to his ‘chauffeureska’).’ Next up is KMH with some almost metaphysical considerations about dictators: ‘It is perhaps natural to believe that oppressive dictators will die in a similar way that they caused others to die – poetic justice is most satisfying. But strangely, we see it happening only with the second tier of dictators – those who only have national, not international aspirations. So Qaddafi died of bullet wounds, etc. The most important personages don’t seem to die from violence or from legal proceedings (hanging, etc.). Stalin may have been poisoned by his doctor. Napoleon died on St. Helena. Ivan the Terrible, Oliver Cromwell and Mao seemed to have died naturally. So why would Hitler go against the grain? I believe the stories about his escape to Argentina or Antarctica not probable in his physically unhealthy condition. But he may have temporarily escaped to a secret bunker in the southern mountainous region only he knew of in specific detail. He died there perhaps due to his untreated illnesses. Dental records, the Argentina theory, etc., would be for one of his doubles. It is difficult to believe that these predestined personages are immune to a common death by violence, but their incarnation isn’t personally profitable or meaningful otherwise.’ Then several a couple of comments about Downfall. DCR writes: ‘Several people who were in the bunker when [Hitler] and Eva Braun killed themselves and served as technical consultants to the film. One was the radio operator who heard the shot and saw the bodies.’ The historical precision behind the film was much boasted over by the directing crew. On this theme JCC points any German speaking readers to an interesting article by Wim Wenders: thanks Southern Man, KMH, JCC and DCR!!

Teaching History Matters

The following is an extract of more detailed information that is from the 30 th Inf. Div. G-2 Report, 17 April 1945, about the concentration camp train:

On 8 April* (It is believed that this should have been 13-14 April, as on 8 April, as the 30th Infantry Division was still in the vicinity of Brunswick, Germany), troops of the 823 rd T-D Bn., moving into billets in the town of Farsleben, discovered that the normal population of 500 in the town, had been augmented by approximately 2,500 persons crammed onto a prison train of 45 cars, most of them freight wagons, which had been standing in the station for two days. Conditions on the train were frightful. It was critically overcrowded, and filthy almost beyond description, particularly in view of the lack of sanitary facilities. Nineteen persons had already been stricken with typhus and six more were already dead of the disease. No food had been received for three days, and those who still had the strength, were almost dangerously ravenous, some swarming into the local bakery to lick up the raw flour.

The commanding officer of the 823 rd T.D. Bn immediately ordered the Burgomeister to provide food for the train’s passengers by the slaughtering of cattle and sheep, and the all night operation of the town’s two bakeries, and to provide housing by the community. These arrangements were confirmed by the Military Government, which later moved the group to barracks in Neuhaldensleben.

Interrogation of 20 of the passengers revealed that they were Jews and some other political prisoners who had been confined in the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp located near Celle, Province of Hannover. This section of Bergen-Belsen was believed to be the only camp set up exclusively for Jews, and was termed as a stopover to Camp xxx. The prisoners were supposed to be used in exchange for German citizens through neutral countries.

The first group to come to the Camp after its formation in July 1943, was one of 2,700 men, women ands children from Poland, reportedly the only Polish Jews still alive in Axis-controlled territory, except for those hidden by friends. Soon thereafter, other groups began arriving from German-occupied countries, including Americans, Latin Americans, Russians and citizens of other neutral countries whose foreign citizenship had previously been respected. 3,000 Jews from Westerberg, in northern Holland arrived later, and in the fall of 1944, 1,600 Hungarian Jews arrived at the Camp and were sent to Switzerland in accordance with a Hungarian-Swiss exchange agreement. In February, 1945, a large number of prisoners from widely scattered concentration camps arrived at Bergen-Belsen, including many non-Jews. Earlier in the history of the camp, small groups of foreign prisoners were sent to regular internment camps for foreigners, and several large shipments were made from the Camp to unknown destinations.

On 7 April 1945, the entire exchange group of Jews was suddenly alerted and bundled into the train which wound up on the Farsleben siding. The train left 8 April and was said to be bound for Theresienstadt, in the Sudetenland. The train was halted at Farsleben because of the advances of our troops before the guards and crew abandoned it, the prisoners were told to cross the Elbe River on foot.

The stop-over camp at Bergen-Belsen was considered privileged over the 29 other small camps sharing the same name and vicinity, because no outside work was required and because living conditions were somewhat better. They still were bad the barracks had three-tiered bunks, about one and one-half feet apart, and the prisoners were fed once a day, the meal consisting of a quart of soup without fat, and (originally) 350 grams (12 ½ ounces) of bread, later reduced to 200 grams. Once a week some margarine, marmalade and sausage were distributed. Isolation from the outside world was complete and daily roll call was held.

The other camps at Bergen-Belsen were frankly work camps, and whoever weakened or fell sick, so as to fail to repay the meager investment, was refused food – literally starved to death. The informants stated that approximately 25,000 had been so killed between February and April of this year (1945). The bodies were cremated in a furnace at the camp, which they stated, worked day and night. This procedure was discontinued during the last eight days of the prisoner’s stay at the camp, because of fear the heavy smoke would attract attention from the air.

This testimony is generally supported by that of Hauptmann Schlegel, the train commander, who was denounced and apprehended in a nearby town after having abandoned the train and donned civilian clothing. Capt. Schlegel, a 58 year old Landeschutten Officer, was reassigned in July 1944 to prepare for concentration camp duty. He arrived at Bergen-Belsen on 20 February 1945 as an extra officer and remained until 7 April, when the train left. On 6 April a message from Berlin directed the movement of all of the 40,000 persons then in Bergen-Belsen, with priority to the 7,000 inmates of the stop-over camp. As an extra Officer, he was designated train commander of the first group to leave, consisting, he said of 24,000 persons. When the train reached this vicinity, (Farsleben), he found that administration had broken down badly he was unable to get clearance to move the train across the Elbe River towards its destination near Prague and conflicting orders from local commanders kept arriving. Finally, convinced that U.S. troops were coming, he jettisoned his command and went into hiding.

He estimated that 15,000 persons had died at the camp during his stay there, out of a constantly changing population of about 40,000, attributing the deaths to typhus and typhoid, both of which were frequent, rather than to deliberate starvation. He said he knew of two as doctors and a “number” of civilian doctors at the camp. On the train, he stated, there were three civilian doctors. Five persons died while enroute. He believed that the 33,000 prisoners outside the stop-over camp at Bergen-Belsen, were about equally political and criminal cases.

A PW stated that the camp was run by two Officers of the Totenkopf Verbande, SS/Hauptsturmfuhrer (Capt.) Framer and SS/Untersturmfuhrer (Lt.) Klipp. His own attitude was one of hand-washing apathy. He was not responsible for what went on, was just a pawn – – and if he was bothered by some of the things that went on, no one knows about it.

In Part 1, I discussed the Nazi Concentration Camps and the initial movement of US Army divisions into Dachau.

The Camp

As my father and the 42nd “Rainbow” Division moved into the Dachau Concentration Camp, of the 32,000 survivors still alive in the main camp, the largest groups included over 9,000 Polish and almost 4,000 Russians. There were 1,200 Catholic priests, the largest contingent of the 1,600 clergymen imprisoned. There were now only 2,100 Jews. Most Jews in the Dachau system were in the sub-camps. Their numbers were continually being augmented, though they were used up faster and shipped out more frequently to the extermination camps.

At Dachau, there were thousands of inmates who were dying of a typhus epidemic that had been ravaging the camp since the previous fall. Between February and April, over 13,000 prisoners died. Even in the month after liberation, 4,500 would die of typhus, malnutrition, and other diseases.

It was a clear day when my father’s division moved into the camp to clear and capture the eastern section, which contained the inmates’ enclosure. Within a half-mile of the camp, a stench permeated the air like burning garbage and singed chicken feathers. My father had seen a lot of action and death for several months. But nothing could have prepared him emotionally for what he was about to see.

Initially, as he told me, “The inmates could not believe it was true that after so long, they were finally being liberated.” The liberated looked like the dead. “They were skeletons” in ragged, dirty clothing.

It was only later that their fear gave way to joy.

“They screamed and hollered and cried. They ran up and grabbed us… and kissed our hands, our feet and all of them tried to touch us.”

— William J. Cowling, III, 1st Lieutenant ADC, Aide to Assistant Division Commander Linden

In the prison hospital, as the American officers moved through, those patients who knew English muttered, “Oh, thank you, God, thank you!”

As the Americans made their way throughout the rest of the camp, they discovered over 4,000 bodies in a warehouse in the crematorium “stacked like cordwood” almost ceiling-high and over 1,000 dead bodies in the barracks within the enclosure. Unlike Auschwitz, where the Gas Chambers and crematorium were largely demolished by retreating SS troops, at Dachau, the evidence remained: doughboys discovered and severed the wire of a time bomb that would have set off the charge. The entire crematorium building was a maze of booby-traps.

The next day: April 30, 1945

It snowed in Dachau when my father took his squad into Munich, being one of the first into the nearby city, 9 miles from Dachau. In the southern part of Munich, he captured the Nazi general in charge of all the German anti-aircraft artillery for Munich. The general’s lieutenant came out and told my father

“My general will surrender only to someone of equal or greater rank.”

My father was only a lowly staff sergeant, but he wore no stripes, which was not uncommon for Non-Commissioned Officers in the field. “Otherwise, they’d be the first ones shot by the enemy,” he told me. So John Petro, all of 23 years old, said, “OK then, bring him out!” The general surrendered and handed over to my father his pistol. It was not a Luger that was for lower-ranking officers. This was a Sauer & Sohn. I still have it.

Meanwhile, across town at the famous Munich Biergarten, Hofbrauhaus, where over 25 years earlier Adolf Hitler had proclaimed the 25-point program of the National Socialist program in front of 2,000 people, a sign was scrawled above the door in letters for all to see:

Command Post — 157th Infantry, 45th Division.

With the Russian Red Army two blocks away from his bunker in Berlin, at 3:30 pm Adolf Hitler sat down at his table. Behind him on the wall was an oil painting of the German leader Frederick the Great, who Hitler had used to inspire his general staff in the waning months of the war. Having heard that two days earlier, his Italian ally Mussolini had been captured, executed, and hung upside-down on a meat hook — Hitler placed the barrel of his Walther PPK pistol to his right temple. Eva Braun, his wife of only one day, was already dead after swallowing a lethal dose of cyanide.

The news spread quickly through the bunker.

A week later, WWII in Europe was over.

30 April 1945 - History

Adolf Hitler put the gun up and pulls the trigger. As the bullet impacts he
feels himself pulled out of his body and he sees everything around him
rewind at high speed. Suddenly he sees himself on April 30, 1939 and feels
himelf sucked into that body.

He rememebers everything from the time he lived through April 1945 but he is
now in control of his own body in 1939.

His health is much better. His mind is clear and free of adicting drugs.

Hitler knows to the core of his soul that if he invades Poland after making
a deal with Stalin he set things in motion and end up right back where he
was in 1945. He also knows many things about the course of the war that he
did not know in 1939. He knows that jets may become a vital weapon of war.
He knows that the USSR has tanks superior to anything in the German arsenal
or planned for the arsenal in 1939. He knows that RADAR will be vital to
the war effort and that the UK and USA will join together to defeat his navy
in the Atlantic so long as Roosevelt is President of the USA.

So this newly reconstituted 1945/39 Hitler has to completly scrap his plans
to invade Poland. In the past two months he has extorted a territorial
concession from Lithuania and absorbed the rump Czech Republic without any
effective response by the UK or France. The closest they have come to a
dangerous response was to garuntee the territorial integrity of Poland.

Now Hitler knows that the ardenne strategy will let his army easily
penetrate deep into France and roll up the French Army, but his military has
no confidence in winning a quick victory. There is a significant chance
that orders to invade France will result in a revolt by the Army, something
that a long string of assassination attempts has thouroughly convinced him

On the opposite side of the coin Hitler knows that if he can bide his time
for two years the USA will have a different President, likely more
isolationist by nature. He also knows that Japan will never be an ally
against Russia, they refused to enter the war on his side despite his
declaration of war upon the USA. The Japanese served only a little purpose
distracting France and the UK and USA, but not enough of a distraction to
allow Germany to win the war.

Hitler knows abot a dozen german Wonder Weapons of 1944-45. The ME-163/263
rocket power interceptor. The ME-262 twin engine jet. The Arado 243
quadruple jet engine bomber. The Dornier Do 335 twin tandem engine fighter.
The Panther, Tiger and Tiger II tanks that are very advanced compared to
anything in France the UK or USA. The best news for the USA is Hitler does
not know the Manhattan project exists or is close to finishing the first
A-bomb designs. In fact he considers the atomic project to have been a
total failure as it has not produced anything useful for the war effort.

This was what all the best brains of the UK Treasury believed in
1939-40 (i.e. that German soldiers would stop advancing when
German accountants reported to Nazi politicians that their account
had run out of gold.) But it did not happen, i.e. did not prevent the
Blitz on London, the Battle of the Atlantic or Barbarossa.

Later investigators seem to have found that German accountants
reported to Nazi politicians in 1934-35 that their account had
run out of gold. But the politicians ordered the accountants to
shut up and get on with building autobahns, expanding the
Wehrmacht etc., and they did without stopping. In other words,
people do not always behave the way accountants forecast.
(But other professions, e.g. philosophers and physicians,
already knew this beforehand.)

My understanding is that this was one of the 'problems' that Hjalmar Schacht papered over for the Nazis . juggling things . kiting
cheques, doing barter deals, fiddling at the margins etc. . so well that the economy didn't collapse in 1939, but was close to it.

Were the bureaucrats in HMG wrong? Maybe a little . but the evidence certainly suggests that the German economy in 1939 was stabilised by
the conquest of Poland and stealing everything that wasn't nailed down, plus the political deal that they made to (as it turned out) get
Russian raw materials at non-economic prices.

Then, in 1940, they did the same again, on a bigger scale, in the West . stripping them bare to fuel the maw of the German War Economy.

And, again, as they were running out of dough to pay Stalin for the goodies he was providing in 1941, they invaded Russia and stripped it

I suppose the real question is 'what would have happened if Germany didn't attack in 1939' .

I don't think the economy would collapse, or not right away, but the military expansion programs would have had to have been cut back. Navy
first, I expect, Luftwaffe (Fat Herman kicking and screaming) second, and Panzerwaffe third and last (since they hadn't actually proved
themselcves fully at this stage).

I think there was still, barely, enough slack and creativity in Schacht and his successors to keep things ticking over with 'autarchy',
barter deals, and intimidation of smaller continental neighbours . how long is the question?

Well, we do know that the Nazis were always quite concerned about the possibility of a civil insurrection brought on by shortages such as
those that ended, then worsened, in 1918-19. As it was, this didn't happen as they were able to keep the civvies happy by stripping goods
out of Poland and Western Europe (and, later, Russia) to keep something resembling a 1930's scale 'consumer society' going. By the time they
had to cut that right out (1942-ish), it was too late and the evidence suggests that the German people, by the time they realised they were
up shit creek and paddles were out of stock (42-43?) that the alligators weren't interested in a 1918 style armistice.

So, later war evidence suggests Hitler and the Nazis could insist on fighting on well past any logical point at which they could hope to
even get a draw, or a 1918 style settlement, almost entirely becaused the civil populace realised that wasn't an option (at least on some

In 1939, though, the Nazis were probably not on such 'firm' ground . and they can't keep the civilian economy going at levels needed to
ensure a degree of compliance . or not for very long. Not even if they cut back on military spending.

How long before the army rebels, or the civilians do? Heck, they don't even have to be entirely successful in doing so, merely a fair effort
will screw with Hitler's myth of invincibility and set of vicious infighting in the Party, infighting historically minimised because the
military seemed successful in 1939-42 and, in 43-45, there wasn't really any alternative (as noted above). How long? Depends. I'd guess
probably no more than a yeaf before their offensive capabilities would be so reduced as to make a realistic 1939-40 campaign increasingly
unlikely and, after that, another year, at best, before they dissolve (or start to) into civil discord and political infighting.

HM Treasury was, of course, working with traditional economic assumptions but facing an opponent who was deliberately rorting the
international banking and trade systems . so it's not entirely surprising that they were out, a bit.

Rather like all the Cold War estimates of Russian (and Chinese) economic activity . wildly inflated by a lack of access to actual figures
coupled with wildly non-traditional economic behaviour .

Hitler And Eva Braun Commit Suicide In The Führerbunker

Today on April 30, 1945, Adolf Hitler finally conceded to his inevitable fate by committing suicide in Führerbunker alongside wife Eva Braun.

By 1945, World War II was now all but lost for Hitler and his Nazi regime. The Third Reich had now virtually collapsed, and its government leaders were either dead or fleeing from eventual prosecution. Back in January, Hitler decided that he would remain in Berlin for “the last great siege” of the war. On March 19, he issued the Nero Decree which essentially called for the self-destruction of Germany — Albert Speer, the Minister of Armaments and War Production, was appalled and outwardly refused to carry out the order.

The Russians began to mercilessly bombard the capital for almost four months before finally reaching the city outskirts. By now, Hitler was permanently withdrawn to the Fuhrerbunker and rarely seen in public. His state-of-the-art bunker was located fifty-five feet below the chancellery building. It consisted of 18 individual rooms and was entirely self-sufficient with separate water and electrical supply.

By early April, the Red Army was now fighting in brutal close range combat in the streets of Berlin, crushing any pockets of resistance. The Allies were also rapidly advancing on the German capital from the west. Hitler was now just a shadow of his former self, riddled by uncontrollable shaking and constant paranoia. During the final weeks, the Nazi inner circle had secretly abandoned him and were planning for their postwar lives. His remaining comrades pleaded with the Fuhrer to escape to the Alps, but he refused. Just two days before his death, Hitler decided to marry his long-time mistress, Eva Braun. They would live as husband and wife for less than forty hours.

At around 14:30 on April 30, he and Eva retired to his private quarters after saying farewell to everyone in the bunker. The couple poisoned themselves with cyanide pills along with their dog, Blondie. Hitler then shot himself in the head with a pistol. The bodies were hastily cremated in the Chancellery garden, as Soviet forces closed in on the building. In his final orders as the Fuhrer, he appointed Admiral Karl Donitz as Head of State and Joseph Goebbels as Chancellor. The remaining German forces issued an unconditional surrender eight days later.

April 30, 1945 – Alice Ehrmann

Alice Ehrmann was seventeen years old in the spring of 1945. She was living in the Nazi ghetto/concentration camp complex known as Theresienstadt or the Terezin Ghetto. She was sent to this place when she was sixteen because, according to Nazi race laws, she was classified as mischlinge (mixed race) of the first degree. Her father was Jewish, but her mother was not. In other words, the Nazis considered her to be half-Jewish. She always thought of herself as Jewish, but her family was not observant, so she did not have a religious Jewish upbringing.


When Alice entered Theresienstadt, she met a young man named Ze’ev Shek. He was a few years older than she was and had a strong sense of Jewish identity that came from his involvement in a Zionist youth group in his teen years. Ze’ev continued his Zionist work in the ghetto on behalf of the Jewish Council’s youth welfare department. Mostly he taught Hebrew, but he also engaged in other activities, both openly and in secret, to help his people. Alice fell in love with Ze’ev and joined him in his work. Quickly, she became as dedicated and tireless a worker as anyone else. She needed all the zeal she could muster because Ze’ev was deported in October of 1944. Alice had to step up to assume new responsibilities and became a leader in her own right.

We’ve been waiting for six endless, unbearable years for this moment.”

After Ze’ev was deported, Alice began keeping a diary. She wanted to record the events she experienced so that future generations would know about the Nazis’ crimes. Through her diary, we know much about what happened during the last seven months of Theresienstadt’s history. During these last months, Alice emerged as a capable leader. The enormous changes that came as the end of the war drew near challenged her. Surviving prisoners from other camps were dumped in large numbers into Theresienstadt so that they would not be liberated by the advancing Soviet army. Many of these prisoners were near death and needed immediate help. Alice threw herself into this effort with all of her strength, but it was a nearly impossible task. As the war came down to its final days and liberation was imminent, Alice wavered on the edge of despair. She witnessed so much death and destruction that it threatened to overwhelm her. On April 30th she wrote, “We’ve been waiting for six endless, unbearable years for this moment. And now everything is so shabby and has lost the appearance of glory because everything has become so superfluous and pointless. Everything just goes around in circles.” She went on to explain, “the worst thing that [the Nazis] did to us was to rob us of reality. We know a tortured, horror-filled world of cruelty in which we are the object of events. And dreams. And between them lies the only thing capable of being reality and of being lived as such, darkness.”

At this point, in her exhaustion and despair, Alice could not think of liberation. It wasn’t because she didn’t know it was coming, but rather because she couldn’t see any meaning in it in the face of the terrible losses she had seen and experienced. In her words, “It is too late for everything.”

Alice Ehrmann’s experiences and her attitude prove that liberation was not always a joyous occasion. For many of the Jewish victims of the Nazis, it was just one more moment out of many that brought new challenges and hardships. Eventually, Alice and others like her were able to begin rebuilding their lives, but this was the work of long years, not the product of the moment of Nazi defeat.

You may read excerpts from Alice Ehrmann’s diary in Salvaged Pages: Young Writers’ Diaries of the Holocaust by Alexandra Zapruder.


Jose Calugas was born in Leon, Iloilo, Philippines. His mother died when he was 10 years old. The family found itself struggling so he left high school early to help support the family, and worked as a farmer. On March 12, 1930, he joined the Philippine Scouts, an army of Filipino soldiers commanded by American army officers and equipped with American arms. He had his basic and artillery training at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

Calugas returned to the Philippines to serve in the 24th Artillery Regiment, Philippine Scouts. In December 1941, he was a mess sergeant in B Battery, 88th Field Artillery Regiment, Philippine Scouts. Following the December 1941 Japanese invasion of the Philippines, the regiment was ordered to the Bataan peninsula.

Heroic Action at Bataan

The Philippine Scouts were assigned to the Bataan Peninsula as part of a fighting retreat. Units were ordered to establish strong defenses to challenge the Japanese attacks and allow other units to leapfrog behind them. The Filipino and American forces that passed through the lines would then create new defense lines and let the forward units leapfrog to yet new defense lines.

On January 16, 1942, Mess Sergeant Calugas established an 88th Field Artillery field kitchen near the village of Culis. After serving lunch to the Scout artillery unit, the mess crew was cleaning up. At this time the area came under heavy Japanese fighter and artillery attack. The 88th Field Artillery's 75-millimeter guns in the woods 1,000 yards north of the kitchen had the Japanese force located. The artillery fire was on target and causing deaths in the enemy column. By 2 p.m. that afternoon the Japanese were still attacking, but the Philippine guns had gone silent. Mess Sergeant Calugas found some soldiers to go with him to check out the guns. They had to cross some 1,000 yards of open space while under strafing attack by the enemy fighters. On the way, all the volunteers except Calugas were killed or just disappeared.

Calugas got to the gun site, but alone. He discovered that the gun had taken a bomb hit and was sitting next to its emplacement in a bomb crater. Sergeant Calugas was a mess sergeant, but had been trained in artillery. He worked together with an injured crewmember and gunners from other guns to upright the gun and make it serviceable.

Calugas and his crew fired the weapon at the Japanese forces crossing a wooden footbridge over a creek, and killed a number of soldiers, forcing the enemy to halt. The enemy then refocused their efforts on destroying the gun. Calugas and his crew fired several rounds and then hid in the adjacent woods. The Japanese forces were unable to locate or destroy Calugas's gun. The effective fire of this gun stalled the Japanese advance. While the Calugas artillery piece held up the enemy advance, the 88th Field Artillery withdrew. That evening, out of ammunition, Mess Sergeant Calugas found two trucks, one to load the gun and the other his field kitchen. He reached his unit late that evening and prepared them a meal of beans and rice.

The Bataan Death March

Following this heroic action, General of the Army Douglas MacArthur recommended Sergeant Calugas for the Medal of Honor. His actions led to the nickname "One Man Army." The orders for his medal were dated February 24, 1942. They were read before his unit at a unit review. The medal presentation however had to wait.

The Filipino and American forces continued their resistance and both sides suffered heavy casualties. While the Japanese received resupply, the Filipino and American forces were cut off. They ran extremely low on food but fought on. By April 8, 1942, it was evident that further Filipino and American resistance was not possible. The next day more than 60,000 Filipino and American troops were surrendered. It was the largest surrender of American forces at one time.

The Bataan Death March followed with a forced march of 45 miles to San Fernando, followed by freight cars to Camp O'Donnell. Some 5,000 to 10,000 died or were killed on the journey. Jose Calugas was held at Camp O'Donnell for nine months. He was beaten and suffered malaria. His release came in January 1943, when he was allowed to go to work in a Japanese-controlled rice mill. While working there he became an officer in a Philippine guerrilla unit. The guerrilla unit efforts included an attack on a Japanese garrison at Karangalan. When the Americans landed, Calugas fought in the recapture of the Philippines.

Medal of Honor

On April 30, 1945, Major General Richard J. Marshall, an aide to General Douglas MacArthur, draped the Medal of Honor on the neck of Jose Calugas in a special ceremony. Following the award ceremony, he was offered U.S. citizenship and a commission in the United States Army. He joined the army as a second lieutenant. He was the first Filipino in World War II to be awarded the Medal of Honor.

After the recapture of the Philippines, Calugas was assigned to the 44th Infantry Regiment and occupation duties in Okinawa. This duty was followed by an assignment to the Ruyuku Islands Command. He would be involved in the rebuilding of Okinawa. He had other assignments and then came to Fort Sill, Oklahoma. In 1952, he went to Bataan for the 10th anniversary of the Battle of Bataan. In 1953, Captain Calugas was assigned to the 2nd Infantry Division at Fort Lewis, Washington.

Retiring to Tacoma

On May 6, 1957, Captain Jose Calugas retired from the U.S. Army at Fort Lewis. He had chosen the Puget Sound area as the place for his family. He moved to Tacoma and got a position at Boeing Airplane Company. Boeing encouraged him to continue his education, and he earned a degree in business from the University of Puget Sound.

He was also active in the Bataan-Corregidor Survivors Club as well as other Tacoma and Seattle veterans groups. In 1963, along with other Medal of Honor recipients, he attended a gathering on the White House lawn hosted by President John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) and First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy (1929-1994).

Remembering Jose Calugas

The Calugases had three children. One son made a career as an army soldier. The family shared a substantial portion of their income with relatives in the Philippines. They helped many obtain a formal education. In his later retirement, Jose Calugas had a vegetable farm in the Green River Valley, however four strokes forced him to stop work. His wife, Nora Calugas (1909-1990), died in 1990. Jose Calugas died in 1998 and was buried in the Mountain View Cemetery, Tacoma.

In Fort Sam, Houston, Texas, a housing area is named Calugas Circle to honor him. The uniform he wore at retirement is in the museum Museo Iliolo in the Philippines, near his boyhood home. On April 6, 2006, a Seattle Housing Authority low-income apartment development at Highpoint was dedicated as the Sgt. Jose Calugas, Sr. Apartments.

Jose Calugas (1907-1998), Camp Olivas, Philippines, April 30, 1945

Photo by U.S. Signal Corps, Courtesy Wikimedia Commons

Jose Calugas (1907-1998) headstone, Mount View Memorial Park Cemetery, Tacoma

On this day in history - April 30th, 1945

HATTIESBURG, MS (WDAM) - Adolf Hitler kills himself with a gunshot to the head inside the Führerbunker.

After the failed Battle of the Bulge ended in January 1945, Nazi Germany's situation was dire, but Hitler refused to admit defeat. He retreated into the Führerbunker and committed himself to planning the defense of Berlin. It was not until late April that Hitler began to understand that the Battle of Berlin would be the end of fighting in the Western Theater of World War II. Hitler announced that he would kill himself before he could be "made a spectacle of." He may have been influenced by the April 28th death of Benito Mussolini, the former fascist dictator of Italy. Mussolini was shot and hung, his body openly viewed in public.

Hitler married his longtime girlfriend Eva Braun on April 29th. He then gave his secretary his last will and testament.

On April 30th the Red Army was less than 1,600 feet from the Führerbunker. That morning he and Eva Braun wished the staff of the Führerbunker farewell and went into Hitler's personal study. About an hour later after hearing a gunshot, Hitler's adjutant went into the study and discovered Hitler with a gunshot wound in his temple. Eva Braun had taken cyanide. The two corpses were taken out of the bunker into the Reich Chancellery garden and burned with gasoline. The Soviets found the bodies and over the next decades buried, exhumed and reburied them several times according to the political climate.

There remains today some controversy about whether or not Hitler really killed himself at all, and if he did, what happened to his remains. Some of this controversy is attributable to Joseph Stalin: for years he passed a story that Hitler never died and the Western Allies were protecting him. The governments at the time knew that any publicly acknowledged Hitler burial site could become a potential shrine for Neo-Nazis. The most probable truth is that Hitler's remains were crushed and destroyed and thrown into the Biederitz river in 1970.

World War II Today: April 30

Germans announce they have established communication between Trondheim and Oslo. RAF attack Oslo airfield.

The Lodz Ghetto in occupied Poland is sealed off from the outside world with 230,000 Jews locked inside.

British air raid casualty figures in April: 6,065 killed, 6,926 injured. Bristol, Coventry, Birmingham, Belfast, London and Portsmouth all badly hit. In retaliation the RAF attacks Emden, Kiel, Berlin, Bremen and Mannheim.

All of Greece is under German and Italian occupation. During the campaign, the Greeks lose 15,700 killed and 300,000 prisoners. The British lose 2,000 killed and 10,000 made prisoner, while the Germans only suffer about 2,000 killed and missing.

The Afrika Korps second attempt to capture Tobruk is again repulsed by the Australians.

Hitler and Mussolini meet at Berchtesgaden to discuss future axis strategy in North Africa and the Mediterranean, the main objectives being the reduction of Malta and the seizure of the Suez Canal.

Hitler and Mussolini agree that the capture of Malta (Operation Herakles) should take place on the 10th July 1942.

The British 1st Burma Corps completes its withdrawal over the Irrawaddy at Mandalay in Burma.

The US aircraft carriers, Hornet and Enterprise set sail from Pearl Harbor for the Corel Sea under the command of Admiral William ‘Bull’ Halsey.

The British submarine HMS Seraph drops ‘the man who never was,’ a dead man the British planted with false invasion plans, into the Mediterranean off the coast of Spain. The ‘man who never was’ pulled off one of the greatest deceptions in military history–after his death.

As Soviets advance in Berlin, Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide.

The U.S. Third Army liberates 110,000 POW’s in the Moosburg area, Northeast of Munich. The U.S. Seventh Army clears Munich and the French takes Friedrichshafen and cross into Austria. The U.S. First Army meet the Russians at Ellenburg, South of Berlin. The British Second Army liberates 20,000 prisoners (two third POW’s and one third political prisoners) from Sandbostel camp in northern Germany.

Allied Norwegian forces capture Finnmark.

With the Red Army only a few hundred yards away, Hitler commits suicide with Eva Braun in the Reich Chancellery bunker at 1530hrs and their bodies immediately incinerated with gasoline by SS bodyguards

A Sergeant of the Russian Army plant the Red Flag on top of the Reichstag building at 2.30 pm. As the final Russian assault on Tiergarten begins, Goebbels and Bormann send General Krebs, Chief of the General Staff to the headquarters of Marshal Zhukov with a permit to make an armistice, but Zhukov refuses and demands an unconditional surrender. Troops of the 4th Ukrainian front capture Moravska Ostrava. Fighting continues in Breslau, as the German garrison refuses to surrender.

The U.S. Fifth Army in Northwest Italy, links up with French troops on the French/Italian border.

The Mexican Air Force’s 201 Squadron arrives at Manila. In operations from 4 June, 1945 to the end of the war, the 201 flies 96 combat missions, mostly in support of ground troops. The 201 will be the only Mexican unit to see overseas combat in the country’s history.

Watch the video: German Atrocities - April 1945 1945