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Superior is situated on the south side of a superb natural harbor at the west end of Lake Superior, across from Duluth, Minnesota. A trading post was established in the area around 1679 by a Frenchman, Daniel Greysolon^, Sieur duLhut. A North West Fur Company post, established around 1787, was replaced in 1816 by one of the American Fur Company.As a result of a government survey in 1852, a syndicate bought up land and platted a town which they named Superior. Its population included large numbers of Finns and Scandinavians.Superior developed economically primarily as a result of its excellent port. It was from Superior that the ore vessel Edmund Fitzgerald sailed to meet its destruction in a terrible storm on the morning of November 10, 1975 with the loss of all 29 men on ship. The event was immortalized by folk singer Gordon Lightfoot.Phrenology is a "science" that claims to be able to gauge a person's character by the conformation of his skull. Henry Lavery, a native of Superior, spent more than two decades developing the Psychograph, based on the principles ofphrenology. One of the original Psychographs is on display at the Fairlawn Museum in Superior.