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Our vision of the ancient peoples it has traditionally been that of people with little technological development and geographical mobility. In the case of the pre-Roman peoples who inhabited the PeninsulaWhile it is true that their technology was primitive, new research points to much greater mobility and trade between regions than we used to think.
Tomás Pedraz, from the University of Alicante, has given an example of Iberian peoples that inhabited the current Valencia and Castilla-La Mancha. First of all, the presence of large fortifications shows “an economic role and prestige”In those areas. Second, there are signs of trade and relatively frequent relationships between these areas and other regions, such as Aragon and Andalusia.
For his part, Diego Franganillo, an archaeologist, has shown evidence of romanization in Segeda, an Iberian settlement (and later Roman) in the province of Zaragoza. According to his data, it would actually be two settlements. So, Segeda I it was the original population of the Iberians, destroyed in the Roman invasion. Y Segeda II, just a hundred meters from the original, was the Roman reconstruction of that settlement.
Saying pattern of destruction and reconstruction was common in the conquest of the Peninsula, since it allowed the Romans to build cities in the way they wanted. Often the original settlement was located on hills or elevations of another type, but the Romans preferred to rebuild on the plain because of the greater economic incentive it entailed.
The data have been presented in several presentations at the International Congress ‘Fortifications in the Iron Age: Control of resources and territory’.
Image: Protohistoric Zamora