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Archaeologists from the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in northern China have discovered a coffin from the Northern Wei dynasty, saving her from looters in front of themselves. The looters were caught in the excavation of a 10 meter long tunnel that led to the entrance of the tomb.
They had already met before tombs of aristocrats of the Northern Wei dynasty in Xilin Gol grassland, an area of the grasslands of Inner Mongolia; Home to nomadic tribes since the Bronze Age of the Shang Dynasty in the 16th century BC.
In the last two years, two tombs have been discovered in places close to the one that has just been discovered.
It is precisely the belief of a treasure among these tombs what has attracted thieves, who more often than is believed, act as parasites in official archaeological projects and excavations. They excavate at night the same site that professionals excavate during the day. It seems that luck has smiled on the historical archaeological field and its professionals on this occasion when looters were caught before they spoiled or destroyed something in their search for a treasure or any object from which they could obtain benefits.
On March 7, the coffin found was withdrawn from the grave together with archaeological context materials, such as wood or soil, and taken to the laboratory of the Xilin Gol Liga Museum, Xilin Hot.
The coffin was carefully opened and revealed the mortal remains of a woman of the aristocracy in very good condition. Wrapped in a silk shroud and with leather boots, in her thick black hair she wore a metal headband. With it a bow, a dagger and several ceramic vessels were buried.
However, researchers have been unable to determine the identity of the deceased, but hope that the analyzes will determine a lot about his life and death, and even to which clan the woman belonged.
Samples were obtained from his hair, from which it is hoped to obtain information regarding his diet, age and health.
The fact that the tomb was in a high degree of conservation may provide archaeologists with new data on the Funerary customs of ancient nomadic tribes that inhabited the area.
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