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A group of archaeologists have unearthed five monumental constructions in the Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli, near Rome.
The Roman emperor Hadrian built the city as a refuge area between AD 38. and 118 AD After his death in 138 AD, the building was used and expanded by his successors.
According to the Italian newspaper “Il Messaggiero”, Archaeologists have discovered five buildings decorated with large statues. Adriano designed the structures of the complex to create an idealized garden. Researchers from the Sapienza University of Rome carried out excavations in an area of little interest so far and that in the 1960s was turned into a camping area.
The archaeologists presented their discoveries to the International Congress of the Center for Classical Archeology in Mérida, Spain. The director of the excavation and the researcher at the University of La Sapienza, Adalberto Ottati, declared that what was found so far was the tip of the iceberg, since these structures have never been documented even by ancient scholars such as Giovanni Battista Piranesi .
Ottati stated that before the excavation the only visible monument was the one named Mausoleum from the Republican era, which is a circular building dating back to 123 AD. Following the excavations, experts have redefined the structure as a museum at the same time as a pavilion whose splendor is inside, not outside. Archaeologists have uncovered valuable architectural decorations including Doric-style columns from Ancient Greece, as well as statues and works of art. It was also used as a place of contemplation of beauty.
Various archaeological studies reveal that there are more series of buildings: a rectangular temple, followed by a second circular pavilion combined with another rectangular temple crowned with a portico. Ottati said that the conjunction of the structures creates various perspectives that play with the relationship between nature and architecture that recreates idyllic landscapes from the Hellenic period and that can be found in Pompeii paintings.
Archaeologists also found hundreds of marble fragments from a large statue. This statue has been rebuilt and experts think it could be a representation of Hadrian's wife, Empress Vibia Sabina.
Excavations will resume in September this year.
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