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The Hanging Gardens of Babylon considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world they were not in Babylon, as until now thought, but in Nineveh a city located in the north of present-day Iraq.
After 20 years of research, Dr. Stephanie Dalley, from the Oriental Institute of the University of Oxford, has managed to gather enough information to unquestionably consider that the gardens were located in Nineveh due not to King Nebuchadnezzar but to the Syrian ruler Sennacherib.
Dalley first put forward the idea that it was in Nineveh, not Babylon, where these gardens were located, taking the patience and time of two decades to gather enough information to prove his claim.
Dalley's typical detective work will be published by the Oxford University press later this month, highlighting four of the clues that reveal his situation.
After studying later historical descriptions of the Hanging Gardens, he realized that a bas-relief located in Sennacherib's palace portrayed the Hanging Gardens. The bas-reliefs that are one of the fundamental evidence were lost in the middle of the 19th century. Some of them that were discovered by the British archaeologist Austin Henry Layard, in the 1840s, they were already in poor condition but fortunately Layard commissioned an artist to draw the bas-relief which was recognized by Dalley in a book by Layard, published in London in 1853 and in which the gardens at Nineveh were portrayed.
The Assyrian capital of Nineveh could well be considered as the “New babylon”, After the conquest in 689 BC, hence historians thought that the gardens had been found from the beginning in Babylon. The investigation revealed that at least a city in Mesopotamia, Borsippa, had also been considered "another Babylon" from the XIII century BC which shows that other places received that name. After the Assyrians conquered Babylon, the monarch renamed all the gates in the city of Nineveh.
Dalley compared the topography of Babylon and Nineveh realizing that the landscape was completely flat around the former, something that would have made it impossible to provide enough water to maintain the gardens.
Finally, his research has suggested that the descriptions made by historians about the Hanging Gardens had actually been visiting Nineveh.
The Hanging Gardens were shaped like an artificial hill, semicircular and in the shape of a theater with several levels reaching up to 25 meters in height. At the base was a kind of pool fed by the streams that flowed down the slopes. The entire garden occupied about 120 meters in diameter and it is estimated that it was watered with at least 35,000 liters of water that came through a canal and an aqueduct.
Thus, new research shows gardens really existed, something that was still questioned by historians, and that they were located in Nineveh.
I was born in Madrid on August 27, 1988 and since then I started a work of which there is no example. Fascinated by both numbers and letters and a lover of the unknown, that is why I am a future graduate in Economics and Journalism, interested in understanding life and the forces that have shaped it. Everything is easier, more useful and more exciting if, with a look at our past, we can improve our future and for that… History.